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PSD3 and PSR: what do they mean for the financial sector?

February 5, 2024
min read
Package of new draft proposals, PSD3 and PSR, includes plans to strengthen customer rights, combat fraud and improve APIs

Two new draft proposals from the European Commission aim to further improve consumer safety in electronic payments and strengthen the regulations around financial data sharing in Europe. The proposals include Payment Services Directive 3 (PSD3) and a separate proposal on Payment Services Regulations (PSR), which together would replace PSD2, the current legislation that governs and regulates Open Banking activity across the EU. (Refresh your understanding of Open Banking with our article here)

The proposals follow a long consultative process to review and revise PSD2, which was first introduced in 2018 with the goal of establishing an integrated, competitive and innovative EU payments market, with a high level of customer protection. The legislation included rules to improve consumer safety, make online payments easier, and protect against fraud, among many other objectives.

But over the last year, officials sought comment from experts in the field of open banking as well as the public about how PSD2 could be improved, with the possibility of replacing it with a new proposal. 

During consultations, officials determined that PSD2 had a number of successes including reducing fraud and strengthening consumer protection (read about how customer data is protected here). But it also fell short in a few ways, including an imbalance between bank and non-bank PSPs and issues with data access interfaces for Open Banking service providers, among others. 

The consultation process also led them to determine four main objectives in the new legislation:

  1. Make users more confident and even more protected in e-payments
  2. Improve competitiveness in Open Banking services
  3. Improve enforcement and implementation of PSD guidelines
  4. Improve access to payment systems and bank accounts for nonbank PSPs

Here are some of takeaways from both the PSD3 proposal, which mainly focuses on licensing for payment firms, and the separate PSR proposal, which is focused on establishing clearer regulations around open banking:

  • Establish rules surrounding API response time and availability (to help combat problems with API functionality) 
  • Strengthen customer protection by strengthening customer authentication
  • Allow non-bank payment service providers to access all EU payment systems
  • Allow PSPs to share fraud information with each other and require them to create awareness for customers about fraud risks. 
  • Merge the E-Money Directive with the Payment Services Directive in PSD3

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